By Joseph L. Albini
What's equipped crime? there were many solutions over the a long time from students, governments, the media, popular culture and criminals themselves. those solutions cumulatively created a "Mafia Mystique" that ruled discourse until eventually after the chilly conflict, while transnational equipped crime emerged as a mentioned, if nebulous, probability to worldwide safeguard and balance. The authors concentration either at the American event that ruled prepared crime scholarship within the moment 1/2 the twentieth century and at the more moderen international scene. Case stories exhibit that equipped crime is healthier understood now not as a chain of well-known gangsters and occasions yet as a constitution of daily life shaped through a number of political, social, monetary and anthropological variables.
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Extra info for Deconstructing organized crime : an historical and theoretical study
Then came the Nazis at the beginning of World War II followed by the Allied armies as this war was coming to an end. Imagine the lives of the people of a country whose entire history was riddled by one invasion after another. These invaders took and demanded obedience and tribute in the form of goods, services and tax revenue from the Sicilians, but they gave nothing in return. They took, they pillaged and they went away, but they left the Sicilians with a truth that they have never forgotten: never trust any government.
Of course, a patron, even while he has the power of a patron, can serve as a client to another patron who is more powerful than himself. Eric Wolf (1966:116–17) makes an important distinction that serves to augment our description of the social relationships found among those involved in the development of maﬁa in Sicily when he notes that this system of patrons and clients operates for both legal and illegal types of interactions. Hence, in either form, the patron provides protection for the client while the client provides to his patron valuable information to protect his social and personal welfare, shows him respect and offers him his political support.
In reality, it is a method which can be employed in any social system that allows groups to put into effect the three elements which create its existence. In our analysis of the factors that contributed to the development of maﬁa as a method in Sicily, we maintain that this development did not begin until after 1812, that is, after the breakdown of feudalism set into motion the appearance of three elements that allowed for its creation. The ﬁrst element was the appearance of the gabellotto, a form of tax collector or excise man, and his role in the management on behalf of an absentee landlord of the second element, the latifondo, or the large landed estate that also came into existence after 1812.