By Johan Rooryck
The research of sentential complementation specializes in houses of sentences which are embedded in different sentences. This booklet brings jointly quite a few reviews in this subject within the framework of generative grammar. the 1st a part of the booklet makes a speciality of infinitival enhances. the writer offers new views on elevating and keep watch over, longstanding difficulties in infinitival complementation. He then examines the matter of clitic ordering in infinitives in Romance languages. the second one a part of the e-book addresses numerous features of Wh- sentences: extraction from adverse and factive islands, the syntax of loose kinfolk, contract in relative clauses, and the relation among French relative and interrogative qui and que.
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Extra resources for Configurations of Sentential Complementation: Perspectives from Romance Languages (Routledge Leading Linguists)
Whatever their exact syntactic representation, it is important to note that they overtly involve the verbs be or have, and an element of comparison, like in (44b), and zo in Dutch (44c). The Dutch sentence in (44c) also seems to involve the object expletive iets. Importantly, these cases provide further evidence for the analysis put forth in section 1 that believe is the accusative counterpart of seem. In more traditional accounts of raising with seem-type verbs, this morphological relation of seem with verbs of comparison is systematically disregarded.
82) Bill’s dinosaur was estimated to be 175 feet long The logic of our analysis should exclude these sentences, since it was assumed that covert movement of AGRSP to SpecCP prevents the overt movement of the subject of the infinitive into the higher clause, be it to SpecAGROP or SpecAGRSP as in (82). Only overt movement of AGRSP to 32 RAISING SpecCP can license overt movement of the subject of the infinitive to the matrix SpecAGRSP in (82). It is not likely that overt movement of AGRSP to SpecCP depends on the passive morphology of the matrix verb.
Je soupçonne ces bouteilles d’avoir plus de trente ans de cave ‘I believe those bottles to be over thirty years old’ In this case, it can be assumed that the verb soupçonner ‘suspect’ selects a [+ Focus] C° which licenses a case feature that has to be checked overtly by the subject of the infinitive. In (59–61), repeated here as (90–92), case is a ‘weak’ feature associated with [+ Focus] C°. Therefore, it may not be licensed overtly. As a result, the subject of the infinitive has to move all the way up to the matrix SpecCP, licensing Case and Focus in the embedded SpecCP at LF by Form–Chain as in (90a).