Colloquial Latvian : A Complete Language Course for by Dace Prauliņš, Christopher Moseley

By Dace Prauliņš, Christopher Moseley

Colloquial Latvian is straightforward to take advantage of, thoroughly transparent and no previous wisdom of the language is needed. those CDs are recorded via local Latvian audio system and should play on any speakers. the fabric can be utilized by itself or to accompany the publication, assisting you with pronunciation and listening talents.

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Where are hiatuses left  semi-spontaneous speech may promote a higher rate of diphthongization. It is important to observe, however, that we compare, first, two groups that were tested using the same methodology. 2 Variables Target words containing sequences of two vowels where V1 = [i e] and V2 = [a e o u] were extracted from the interviews, and coded in Excel as diphthongs or hiatuses following standard syllabification rules. 4 Realizations were determined auditorily by the researchers. All subsequent acoustic measurements and statistical analyses reflect the phonetic realizations.

1993). As for the acoustic parameters, there is a general consensus that diphthongs differ from hiatuses in both their frequential and temporal properties. Diphthongs have a less steep F2-slope than hiatuses (Aguilar 1999), as well as formant values that do not reach those reported for isolated vowels (Borzone de Manrique 1979). Additionally, it has been observed that F2 changes in the transition are smaller in diphthongs than in hiatuses (Chitoran 2002), although this parameter may not be relevant for Spanish (Borzone de Manrique 1979).

LOW INT. INT. LOW FRENCH FRENCH ENGLISH ENGLISH FRENCH FRENCH ENGLISH FRENCH FRENCH FRENCH FRENCH FRENCH SOME N/R N/R LOW N/R N/R HIGH HIGH N/R N/R N/R N/R The interview procedure The interviews consisted of several parts. The first part was a traditional sociolinguistic interview (Labov 1984), including questions about life in Montréal, supplemented by modules designed to elicit loanwords in spontaneous speech. The  Michael L. Friesner topics of these modules included food, sports, music, cinema, and television.

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