By Gerrit J. Dimmendaal
While Africa as a typological region is frequently linked to wide verb morphology and verb serialization, this selection of reviews exhibits that there's great typological variety on the clausal point. Verb serialization within the Khoisan quarter contrasts with broad case-marking in languages of northeastern Africa, which additionally use converbs and light-weight verb plus coverb structures. even though the categorial contrast among nouns and verbs is usually transparent in African languages, a few them however offer difficult analytical demanding situations during this appreciate. while a few languages are strongly head marking on the clausal point, others appear an enticing mix of substitute ideas for the coding of members. The research of data packaging, and similar matters resembling cut up ergativity, Differential item Marking, and discourse-configurational homes additionally play a task in different contributions. the gathering includes not just leading edge analyses for the respective language households those languages belong to, but in addition fabric suitable for the present debate in theoretical linguistics referring to lexical specification as opposed to construction-based ways in the direction of argument constitution.
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Additional info for Coding Participant Marking: Construction types in twelve African languages (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Also, when subjects are focussed in Haro, the verbal predicate is nominalised (as pointed out above), thereby loosing its proto-typical verbal properties. The study by Peter Kraal shows an intriguing feature of a range of Bantu languages. In Makonde, there is a distinction, expressed by way of phonological means (vowel length and tonal modification), between so-called conjoint (or conjunctive) and disjoint (or disjunctive) constructions both at the syntactic (clausal) level and within noun phrases.
B. mí m-é kūú-á mí gàò. ’ With some verbs, the transitive suffix -ā seems to be lexicalized as they never occur without it. Such a verb is àhìn-ā ‘to tell’: Whether the recipient or the locative is involved, both are expressed with the transitive suffix -ā (( 27a) and (27b)). (27) a. mí má àhìn-ā ha ̏. ’ b. mí má àhìn-ā kū-n¯dòà. ’ A further usage of the transitive suffix -ā might have been evolved because the valency of the verbs is strictly indicated: The suffix -ā can refer to participants which are not expressed but are implied.
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