Climate Change: What the Science Tells Us by Charles Fletcher

By Charles Fletcher

Fletcher's 1st variation of "Climate switch: What the technological know-how Tells Us" locations robust emphasis at the peer-reviewed literature in reporting the affects of weather swap at the ocean, terrestrial ecosystems, the water cycle, human groups, harmful climate styles, and power destiny Earth structures. The booklet deals unique dialogue of greenhouse gases, oceanic and atmospheric methods, Pleistocene and Holocene paleoclimate, the human fingerprints of weather switch, modeling weather, sea point upward push, weather affects on monetary sectors, and unsafe climate styles linked to weather change.

Fletcher bargains the 1st actual textbook to give the technology surrounding weather swap on the correct point for an undergraduate pupil. His polished writing sort makes this an pleasing learn whereas the pedagogical aid and association is helping scholars greater establish and comprehend key options, rules and phrases. each one bankruptcy is geared up with studying pursuits, scholar routines, video clips, clinical citations to advertise additional studying, and artistic pondering difficulties to underpin school room discussion.

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Extra resources for Climate Change: What the Science Tells Us

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13), releasing more methane, causing more warming, melting more permafrost, releasing more methane, and so on. Unlike CO2, methane is destroyed by reactions with other chemicals in the atmosphere and soil, so its atmospheric lifetime is about a decade. But if it is released rapidly and in large quantities it could drive a potent positive feedback process. 77 Researchers identified a section of the Arctic Ocean seafloor with vast stores of frozen methane showing signs of instability and widespread venting of the gas.

IPCC, Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (Geneva, IPCC, 2007). ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/contents. html (accessed July 9, 2012). 66 A. ” 67 R. A. ” Science 276 (1997): 544–546. M. Pagani, M. Arthur, and K. Freeman, “Miocene Evolution of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide,” Paleoceanography 14 (1999): 273–292. org/wiki/Carbon_dioxide_in_Earth’s_atmosphere (accessed July 9, 2012).

Htm (accessed July 9, 2012). 6. Studies24 show that the upper 750 m (2460 ft) of the oceans is absorbing heat owing to global warming. Map colors (top) show how the heat content of the oceans has changed compared to the average from 1993 to 2009. The graph (bottom) shows the average annual heat content of the oceans compared to the long-term baseline (gray line at zero). gov/ image/2010/new-evidence-onwarming-ocean (accessed July 9, 2012). One study25 found that even though warming ocean water threatens many reef species, there may be a refuge adjacent to equatorial islands where deep, cool, nutrientrich water rises to the surface.

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