Classes, Estates and Order in Early-Modern Brittany by James B. Collins

By James B. Collins

This booklet makes use of the Breton adventure to handle primary historiographical matters: the that means of absolutism and the character of early-modern French society. It abandons the outdated framework that adverse orders to periods, and in its place seeks to discover the primary that means of the evolution of the French kingdom within the upkeep of order (especially the maintenance of property). Professor Collins's major goal, illustrated by means of his fusion of monetary, social and institutional ways, is to mix social and political/institutional background, see you later separated in works in this box. opposite to a lot got knowledge, Professor Collins argues that absolutism was once extra facade than fact, and that French society used to be even more cellular than mostly believed.

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This exceptionalism provides us with an excellent opportunity to observe the basic outlines of the relationship between that elite and the Crown, because they more openly worked out their conflicts and because the Breton elite so effectively preserved its position: low direct taxation, high retail wine duties, and unusually harsh seigneurialism. Brittany followed a different political path from most French provinces in the seventeenth century; it also followed a different economic path in the eighteenth.

46 The authorities knew full well where morality broke down: the fourth article demanded that cabaret and tavern keepers prominently post the prohibition against blasphemers. Civil society fought the forces of disorder in the taverns because public and private space overlapped there. To its customers, the tavern formed the very center of the community; to the authorities, the tavern meant debauchery, moral decay, and potential political discontent. 47 In 1650, when the journeymen tailors of Nantes plotted a strike, they met at the tavern of the Croix Blanche.

Pages, "Essai sur revolution des institutions administratives en France du commencement du XVIe siecle a la fin du XVIIe siecle," Revue d'Histoire Moderne (1935): 8-57, 113-38, and M. Antoine, "L'administration centrale des finances en France du XVIe siecle au XVIIIe siecle," in Histoire comparee de Vadministration. IVe-XVIIIe siecles (Munich, 1980). My thanks to Bernard Barbiche for a copy of this article and for sharing his thoughts on this matter. J. Russell Major's views on the "renaissance monarchy" were first set out in "The Renaissance Monarchy: A Contribution to the Periodization of History," Emory University Quarterly (1956): 112-24.

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