Chemical Process Hazard Review by John M. Hoffmann and Daniel C. Maser (Eds.)

By John M. Hoffmann and Daniel C. Maser (Eds.)

content material: Chemical strategy possibility overview / John M. Hoffmann --
technique probability assessment in a chemical learn surroundings / Mary J. Hofmann --
risks evaluate in method improvement / Daniel P. Brannegan --
possibility evaluate options for experimentalists / David J. Van Horn --
chance and operability research : a versatile procedure for strategy method protection and reliability research / A. Shafaghi and S.B. Gibson --
possibility avoidance within the processing of prescribed drugs / John R. Handley --
Thermochemical risk assessment / Robert C. Duval --
Thermal runaway reactions : possibility overview / Linda Van Roekel --
The thermochemical and threat facts of chemical compounds : estimation utilizing the ASTM CHETAH software / Carole A. Davies, Irving M. Kipnis, Malcolm W. Chase, and Dale N. Treweek --
Kinetic and reactor modeling : probability assessment and scale-up of a fancy response / Ashok Chakrabarti, Edwin C. Steiner, Craig L. Werling, and Mas Yoshimine --
The nitration of 5-Chloro-1,3-dimethyl-1H-pyrazole : danger review ahead of pilot plant scale-up / James R. Zeller.

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4. 5. Some n e c e s s a r y d e f i n i t i o n s a r e : I n t e n t i o n - d e f i n e what i s expected D e v i a t i o n - s y s t e m a t i c a l l y q u e s t i o n how d e v i a t i o n s can occur Causes - a r e the reasons why d e v i a t i o n s might occur Consequences - a r e t h e r e s u l t s o f d e v i a t i o n s s h o u l d they occur Hazards - a r e t h e consequences which can cause i n j u r y , i l l n e s s or loss. The f o l l o w i n g guide words a r e used f o r each p a r t i d e n t i ­ f i e d i n t h e p r o c e s s and a p p l i e d t o each i n t e n t i o n t o a s s i s t i n d i s c o v e r i n g p o s s i b l e d e v i a t i o n s from t h e i n t e n t i o n : 3.

Review the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of a l l r e a c t a n t s , i n t e r m e d i a t e s and p r o d u c t s i n terms o f f l a m m a b i l i t y , t o x i c i t y and r e a c t i v i t y h a z a r d s . Where i n f o r m a t i o n i s n o t a v a i l a b l e , t r e a t t h e m a t e r i a l s as hazardous. What i s t h e f l a s h p o i n t , f l a m m a b i l i t y range, a u t o - i g n i t i o n p o i n t , vapor p r e s s u r e and d e n s i t y ? What i s t h e t h r e s h o l d l e v e l and type hazard ( i n h a l a t i o n , ingestion, skin contact)?

SUMMARY E x p e r i m e n t a l i s t s can c o n s i d e r t h e s a f e t y , h e a l t h , and e n v i r o n m e n t a l consequences of t h e i r planned work i n a s y s t e m a t i c way by: 1. u n d e r s t a n d i n g t h e i r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y t o i d e n t i f y h a z a r d s , 2. knowing what produces h a z a r d s , 3. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1985. 4. VAN H O R N 4. 5. Risk Assessment Techniques for Experimentalists u t i l i z i n g r i s k assessment t e c h n i q u e s , and a p p l y i n g the proper l e v e l o f a n a l y s e s based on the c o m p l e x i t y of the o p e r a t i o n and p o s s i b l e consequences of failure.

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