Les Misérables by Victor Hugo

By Victor Hugo

NOTE SUR L'ÉDITION: présenter des morceaux choisis des Misérables peut apparaître comme une gageure. Quels fragments choisir ? À quels développements renoncer sans trahir los angeles cohérence de l'œuvre et le kind de Victor Hugo ?

Tout d'abord, nous avons choisi de supprimer les développements historiques et narratifs qui éloignent le (jeune) lecteur de l'intrigue principale (nous n'avons pas retenu le rappel des événements de Waterloo ou le récit des amours déçues de Fantine ; nous avons limité à sa plus basic expression l. a. description des journées de 1832 et de ses barricades) pour recentrer l'action sur les figures de Jean Valjean et du couple Cosette/Marius.

Ensuite, nous avons préféré limiter, chaque fois que cela était attainable, les coupures au sein d'un chapitre afin de restituer le souffle particulier de l'écriture hugolienne dans sa strength, voire parfois sa complexité.

Enfin, nous avons tenu à respecter le découpage de l'œuvre intégrale (divisée en events, livres et chapitres).

« Il y a dans notre civilisation des heures redoutables ; ce sont les moments où los angeles pénalité prononce un naufrage », écrit Victor Hugo au sujet de Jean Valjean. Acculé par l. a. pauvreté, l’homme vole un discomfort pour nourrir les siens et passe dix-neuf ans au bagne ! À sa sortie, rejeté de tous, haineux envers l. a. société, il n’a qu’une factor : retomber dans le crime. Mais une rencontre providentielle l’en détourne.

Jean Valjean pourra-t-il trouver le salut espéré ? Traqué sans relâche par le policier Javert, parviendra-t-il à échapper à son passé ? Mêlant roman à suspens, récit historique, épopée et critique sociale, Victor Hugo dessine avec ce chef-d’œuvre le chemin de croix d’une « humanité souffrante » qui, de « misérable », devient « chic ».

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Love and Louis XIV: The Women in the Life of the Sun King by Antonia Fraser

By Antonia Fraser

Louis XIV, the highly-feted “Sun King”, was once well known for his political and cultural effect and for elevating France to a brand new point of prominence in seventeenth-century Europe. And but, as Antonia Fraser keenly describes, he was once both mythical within the family sphere. certainly, a panoply of girls — his spouse Anne; mistresses corresponding to Louise de los angeles Vallière, Athénaïs de Montespan, and the puritanical Madame de Maintenon; and an array of courtesans — moved out and in of the courtroom. The hugely noticeable presence of those girls increases many questions on their place in either Louis XIV’s lifestyles and in France at huge. With cautious examine and vibrant, enticing prose, Fraser makes the multifaceted lifetime of the most recognized eu monarchs obtainable and vibrantly present.

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Arab France: Islam and the Making of Modern Europe, by Ian Coller

By Ian Coller

Many give some thought to Muslims in Europe as a 20th century phenomenon, yet this e-book brings to lifestyles a misplaced group of Arabs who lived via battle, revolution, and empire in early 19th century France. Ian Coller uncovers the wonderful tale of different hundred males, girls, and children—Egyptians, Syrians, Greeks, and others—who the French military again domestic after Napoleon’s career of Egypt. in response to learn in overlooked files, at the rediscovery of forgotten Franco-Arab authors, and on a various number of visible fabrics, the publication builds a wealthy photo of the 1st Arab France—its start, upward push, and unexpected decline within the age of colonial growth. As he excavates a group that used to be approximately erased from the historic list, Coller deals a brand new account of France itself during this pivotal interval, person who transcends the binary framework wherein we too usually view heritage by way of revealing the deep roots of trade among Europe and the Muslim international, and exhibiting how Arab France used to be actually indispensable to the sunrise of modernity.

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Classes, Estates and Order in Early-Modern Brittany by James B. Collins

By James B. Collins

This booklet makes use of the Breton adventure to handle primary historiographical matters: the that means of absolutism and the character of early-modern French society. It abandons the outdated framework that adverse orders to periods, and in its place seeks to discover the primary that means of the evolution of the French kingdom within the upkeep of order (especially the maintenance of property). Professor Collins's major goal, illustrated by means of his fusion of monetary, social and institutional ways, is to mix social and political/institutional background, see you later separated in works in this box. opposite to a lot got knowledge, Professor Collins argues that absolutism was once extra facade than fact, and that French society used to be even more cellular than mostly believed.

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Massacre at the Champ de Mars: Popular Dissent and Political by David Andress

By David Andress

On 17 July 1791 the innovative nationwide shield of Paris opened fireplace on a crowd of protesters: voters believing themselves patriots attempting to retailer France from the reinstatement of a traitor king. To the nationwide shield and their political superiors the protesters have been the dregs of the folks, brigands paid by means of counter-revolutionary aristocrats. Politicians and newshounds declared the nationwide protect the patriots, and their motion a heroic defence of the fledgling structure. below the Jacobin Republic of 1793, even if, this 'massacre' was once considered as a excessive crime, a second of fact within which a corrupt elite uncovered its treasonable designs. This unique research of the occasions of July 1791 and their antecedents seeks to appreciate how Parisians of other periods understood 'patriotism', and the way it was once that their diverse solutions drove them to confront one another at the Champ de Mars.DAVID ANDRESS is senior lecturer in sleek ecu background, collage of Portsmouth. Who used to be a member of the progressive humans? And who have been its enemies? How might one inform them aside? The contradictory solutions to such questions might lead 'patriotic' citizen-soldiers to shoot down patriot protesters in Paris on 17 July 1791. This e-book explores why and the way this type of clash arose, in a urban aflame with political beliefs, and beset via aristocratic 'dangerous' unemployed. Political unanimity was once one of many nice objectives of the French Revolution; this examine illustrates why it used to be so not easy to accomplish.

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French. Learn the Easy Way by Jacques Boucher

By Jacques Boucher

Studying to talk French isn't really a frightening job. it's going to be a gratifying attempt and one who may carry you huge, immense rewards. one of many major purposes for which French is a straightforward language to benefit is since it is definitely organised. This e-book is devoted that will help you build the French language from construction blocks that i'll offer for you. it's going to additionally exhibit how one can “train” your mind to talk French reminiscent of a baby could, and the way it's not precious that you can attend any path to profit to talk the language. the main enjoyable you might have with studying French could be for those who communicate to your self. in truth, i like to recommend that you just achieve this, regularly. being used to the pronunciation of each observe is among the most crucial issues for you to do whilst studying this language. along with which, your mind must familiarize itself with the sounds of the French language. This “training” is one of those immersion, yet one who you are able to do simply at domestic on your personal time. accordingly, this booklet gives you the tips and assistance that you'll want to make your trip into the educational of the language much more straightforward and masses better. i've got perfected and used this self-immersion education process for over twenty years whereas tutoring English scholars of varied a long time in Canada and overseas.

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Gestion Et Administration D'une Principaute a La Fin Du by S Bepoix, Sylvie Bepoix

By S Bepoix, Sylvie Bepoix

Jean sans Peur qui succede a son pere Philippe le Hardi a los angeles tete du duche de Bourgogne en 1404, dut attendre los angeles mort de sa mere Marguerite pour heriter du comte en 1405. L'historiographie l'a longtemps montre comme detache de son petit territoire comtois en raison de sa area of expertise implication dans l. a. politique du royaume de France voisin et de son plus grand attachement au duche. Si los angeles gestion de l'ordinaire requerait peu son realization, elle permettait des rentrees d'argent que le duc-comte ne dedaignait pas. Ses interventions demontrent parfois une volonte d'ameliorer los angeles gestion, l. a. majorite prouvant surtout son desir d'accroitre ce qu'il en retirait. Jean sans Peur n'a pas neglige son comte malgre sa faible value au cur de l'ensemble bourguignon. Graphiques et tableaux systematiquement employes pour appuyer l. a. demonstration livrent des approches chiffrees du rapport de ce domaine bourguignon, mettant en lumiere los angeles gestion et l'administration d'un domaine princier en cette fin de Moyen Age.

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Brittany (DK Eyewitness Travel Guide) by DK Publishing

By DK Publishing

This easy-to-use consultant covers all that Brittany has to provide, with maps revealing hidden shorelines, a consultant to the haunting majesty of Mont-St-Michel and tips about the place to get the easiest seafood. there's a precise part on outdoors activities and actions. It additionally offers useful details on: the place to stick, the place to buy and go back and forth details.

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