Care work in Europe : current understandings and future by Claire Cameron

By Claire Cameron

Care paintings in Europe presents a cross-national and cross-sectoral learn of care paintings in Europe at the present time, protecting coverage, provision and perform, in addition to exploring how care paintings is conceptualized and understood. Drawing on a examine which appears at care paintings around the existence path in a couple of ecu nations, this booklet:

  • explores the context and rising coverage agendas
  • provides an research of the way assorted international locations and sectors comprehend and constitution care paintings
  • examines key matters, akin to the extraordinary gendering of the group, expanding difficulties of recruitment and turnover, what types of wisdom and schooling the paintings calls for and what stipulations are had to confirm high quality employment
  • considers attainable destiny instructions, together with the choice of a established specialist employee, trained to paintings around the lifestyles direction and even if ‘care’ will, or may still, stay a unique box of coverage and employment.

This groundbreaking comparative research provokes much-needed new wondering the present state of affairs and destiny path of care paintings, a space necessary to the social and financial healthiness of Europe.

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However, the form such leave entitlements take varies considerably, in particular in relation to payment, length and flexibility, with variations greatest for parental leave (for a fuller discussion of parental leave in Europe and the English-speaking world, see Moss and O’Brien 2006). e. 5 ✓✓ 12 U. 5 Paid ✓ ? 5 ✓✓✓ (a) x Sick children Parental leave: F=family entitlement; I=individual entitlement; F/I=some period of family entitlement and some period of individual entitlement (a) For insured parents, leave is paid at 70 per cent of earnings until child’s 3rd birthday, then at flat rate; only mother is entitled to use in child’s first year.

For example, a study in the late 1990s concluded that 80 per cent of elderly people receiving help with domestic tasks relied exclusively on informal help, 10 per cent had formal and informal support and only 10 per cent relied exclusively on formal services (Wittenberg et al. 1998). 8 million people aged 50 or over provide unpaid care to older kin (Office of National Statistics (UK) 2006). The shift from informal to formal has gone furthest in Denmark. With the expansion of childcare services ‘more and more children are cared for in a public childcare service .

Maybe more informal carers and volunteers will be paid for their caring and a decreasing demand for formal care can be the consequence. Maybe users switch to other services than care services, like using the money for improvements in their homes. (van Ewijk 2002: 8) The care workforce 31 Another approach that some consider has the same effect – of transferring care work from services to informal carers – is what the Swedish national report refers to as the ‘living at home’ ideology. This has been part of a process of ‘deinstitutionalisation’ which has seen the movement of children and younger adults with disabilities and older people from larger to smaller institutions and from institutions to living in ordinary housing with support.

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