Calais: An English Town in France, 1347-1558 by Susan Rose

By Susan Rose

The trap of Calais by way of Edward III used to be an make the most which, coming presently after his victory at Crecy, carried his reputation as a warrior to the furthest corners of Europe. The melodramatic incident on the finish of the siege with the best electorate pleading for his or her lives introduced the king much more public become aware of. both renowned is the unhappy comment of Mary Queen of britain in 1558 that, following its loss to the French, the identify of Calais will be graven on her middle. This e-book fills within the hole among those milestones. It permits the reader to appreciate not just the army and political value of town for the English but additionally its key position within the English financial system. applying the richness of the non-public assets surviving, from the mid 15th century to the final years of English rule, it additionally presents a extra intimate photograph of the colourful lifetime of the city with its crowds of courtiers, squaddies and retailers all having fun with and making the most of the possibilities provided via 'an English city in France'. Dr SUSAN ROSE is an affiliate Lecturer on the Open collage.

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32 This may indicate that, while the structure of the town court was little changed, its procedures became similar to those used in England. There was thus in the town itself and the suburb outside the walls a dual civil/military administration. The civil institutions soon became closely linked to the establishment of the Wool Staple in Calais in the 1360s and will be further discussed in the next chapter. Outside these limits in the area later known as the Pale, formerly the lordships of Marck and Oye, the system of the former overlord, the duke of Burgundy (the count of Artois), seems to have continued to operate with power now in the hands of royal rather than ducal officials.

34 A circlet richly decorated with pearls. 35 G. Daumet, Calais sous la domination anglaise (Arras, 1902), 14–18 ; Froissart, Chroniques, ed. S. Luce and G. Raynaud (Paris, 1869–99), iv : 71 · 32 · Chapter 2 An incident like this, coming shortly after the trauma of the Black Death, would have increased the nervousness of the population and hardly encouraged the immigration of more settlers. This division of interests between the merchants and townspeople, whom Edward was clearly keen to encourage to move to Calais, and the garrison and military needs in general seems to have caused problems in the first years of the conquest.

Burley, ‘The Victualling of Calais 1347–65’, 51. · 28 · Chapter 2 many other aspects of contemporary life. In 1351, in the first parliament held since the arrival of the pestilence, the Commons petitioned the king that because of the shortage of corn in England and the fact that much land was now lying fallow and uncultivated that no commissions for purveyance should be issued. 21 There may well have been some hollow laughter from the Commons at this response ; complaints about purveyance to feed armies or merely to supply the royal household can be found in the records of most meetings of Parliament from 1298 onwards and continue throughout Edward III’s reign.

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