Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs. Geology 2 by O.A. Jones (Eds.)

By O.A. Jones (Eds.)

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Additional resources for Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs. Geology 2

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In its most general form the theory states that "any bench or bank . . that is located at a proper depth within the circumequatorial coral-reef zone can be considered a potential coral-reef foundation and . . if ecological conditions permit, a reef could grow up to the surface without any change in ocean level" (Hoffmeister and Ladd, 1944, p. 389). The theory resulted from Hoffmeister and Ladd's dissatisfaction with the Subsidence Theory after studying the raised reefs of Fiji and Tonga, and with the inconsistencies and deductive mature of the Glacial Control Theory (Hoffmeister and Ladd, 1935; Ladd and Hoffmeister, 1936).

Army, 1955). Teichert, C , and Fairbridge, R. W. (1948). Some coral reefs of the Sahul Shelf. Geogr. Rev. 38, No. 2, 222-249. Vaughan, T. W. (1911). Physical conditions under which Paleozoic coral reefs were formed. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 22, 238-252. Vaughan, T. W. (1919). Fossil corals from Central America, Cuba, and Porto Rico, with an account of the American Tertiary, Pleistocene, and Recent coral reefs. , Natl. Mus. Bull. 103, 1-524. Wells, J. W. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands.

II. Subsidence Theory A. DARWIN'S SUBSIDENCE THEORY Darwin was impressed during the voyage of the Beagle by geological evidence of uplift in the South American Andes and by his personal involvement in the Chilean earthquake of February 1835. He hypothesized that such uplift must necessarily be balanced by a corresponding crustal subsidence, and before leaving South America he formed the view that one result of such subsidence would be the transformation of oceanic volcanic islands into atolls (Fig.

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