Between Temple and Torah: Essays on Priests, Scribes, and by Martha Himmelfarb

By Martha Himmelfarb

This quantity includes articles via Martha Himmelfarb on issues in moment Temple Judaism and the advance and reception of moment Temple traditions in past due antiquity and the center a while. The part on "Priests, Temples, and Torah” addresses the topics of its name in texts from the Bible to the Mishnah. "Purity within the useless Sea Scrolls” includes articles studying the intensification of the biblical purity legislation, rather the legislation for genital discharge, within the significant felony files from the Scrolls. In "Judaism and Hellenism” the writer explores the connection among those historic cultures through interpreting the traditional and smooth historiography of the Maccabean insurrection and the position of the Torah in historical Jewish variations of Greek tradition. The final sections of the quantity stick with texts and traditions of the second one Temple interval into overdue antiquity and the center a long time. The articles in "Heavenly Ascent” reflect on the connection among the ascent apocalypses of the second one Temple interval and later works concerning heavenly ascent, rather the hekhalot texts. within the ultimate part, "The Pseudepigrapha and Medieval Jewish Literature,” Himmelfarb investigates facts for wisdom of works of the second one Temple interval by means of medieval Jews with attention of the channels in which the works may have reached those later readers.

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Extra info for Between Temple and Torah: Essays on Priests, Scribes, and Visionaries in the Second Temple Period and Beyond

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Despite the difficulties the use of traditions of the Garden of Eden creates for 22 1. The Temple and the Garden of Eden him, our author follows Ezekiel in drawing on them for a striking image of the life-giving qualities of the eschatological temple, the transplantation of the tree of life to its precincts. Wisdom in the Temple in Ben Sira An association of the Garden of Eden and the temple, not as eschatological hope but as present reality, appears in Wisdom’s praise of herself in chapter 24 of the Wisdom of Ben Sira.

37 Qimron and Strugnell reconstruct the second word in the phrase as ‫ קודש‬with a ‫ ו‬despite the spelling of the word extant in B 76. 34 Strictly 36 2. Levi, Phinehas, and the Problem of Intermarriage But would 4QMMT have used the term “holy seed” to refer first to Israel and then to priests within a single ruling? Further, if both Israel and the priesthood are holy seed, the prohibition of marriage between them on the basis of the rules of mixed kinds breaks down. Perhaps the lacuna in B 75 should be filled differently.

There are no instances of ‫ בני עם קדש‬in the Bible, and I do not know of any elsewhere, but to the best of my knowledge there are no instances of ‫בני זרע‬ ‫ קדש‬attested either. In my restoration, then, 4QMMT would reserve the phrase ‫ זרע קדש‬for priests, as Aramaic Levi does. The last fragment of Aramaic Levi with the speech condemning Levi’s descendants for their wickedness is, as already noted, so poorly preserved that it is impossible to specify what that wickedness consisted of. 39 The juxtaposition of “harlots and adulteresses” with gentile wives is particularly interesting.

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