Bandit Nation: A History of Outlaws and Cultural Struggle in by Chris Frazer

By Chris Frazer

Tales approximately postcolonial bandits in Mexico have circulated because the second Mexico gained its independence. Narratives have seemed or been mentioned in a wide selection of kinds: novels, memoirs, trip money owed, newspaper articles, the picture arts, social technological know-how literature, video clips, ballads, and historic monographs. through the many years among independence and the Mexican Revolution, bandit narratives have been critical to the wider nationwide and sophistication struggles among Mexicans and foreigners in regards to the definition and production of the Mexican nation-state.Bandit country is the 1st entire research of the cultural impression that banditry had on Mexico from the time of its independence to the Mexican Revolution. Chris Frazer specializes in the character and function of international shuttle bills, novels, and well known ballads, referred to as corridos, to investigate how and why Mexicans and Anglo-Saxon tourists created and used photos of banditry to steer nation formation, hegemony, and nationwide id. Narratives approximately banditry are associated with a social and political debate approximately “mexican-ness” and the character of justice. even though thought of a relic of the previous, the Mexican bandit maintains to forged a protracted shadow over the current, within the type of narco-traffickers, taxicab hijackers, and Zapatista guerrillas. Bandit state is a crucial contribution to the cultural and the overall histories of postcolonial Mexico.

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Additional resources for Bandit Nation: A History of Outlaws and Cultural Struggle in Mexico, 1810-1920

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These figures provide us with the geographic distribution and rates of banditry. Nearly four hundred convicts (13 percent) went to prison for banditry, while twenty-two were receptidores (receivers of stolen goods) or encubridores (accomplices). Another fifty prisoners were smugglers. Altogether, bandits, receptidores, encubridores, and contrabandistas were 16 percent of the sample. This group was the third-largest portion of prisoners. Only those convicted of petty theft (29 percent) and homicide (23 percent) were more common.

This marked the beginning of a conservative domination in national politics—linked to the career of Santa Anna—that lasted to midcentury as well as a centralist praxis that survived, in one form or another, to the twentieth century. The collapse of the federalist-centralist accord had several causes 25 Armed Bodies of Men besides divergent principles of state building. One factor was the survival of hostility between former foes. Another was the habit, acquired during the war, of resolving differences through military means.

At midcentury, most criminals, including bandits, were young males in semiskilled or unskilled occupations. Most were married and illiterate. 40 The total sample included eighty prisons and jails, holding 2,984 prisoners. Of these, seventy-nine were women, representing 3 percent of the sample. This small number underrepresents the female convict population, as most prisons did not forward data on gender. 41 It is clear that prison officials decided for themselves whether to report on female criminals, and that when they did so they lacked guidelines on how to proceed.

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