Arabic Versions of the Pentateuch: A Comparative Study of by Ronny Vollandt

By Ronny Vollandt

This paintings deals a seminal examine into Arabic translations of the Pentateuch. it truly is no exaggeration to talk of this box as a terra incognita. Biblical models in Arabic have been produced over many centuries, at the foundation of quite a lot of resource languages (Hebrew, Syriac, Greek, or Coptic), and in various contexts. The textual proof for this examine is completely in keeping with a corpus of approximately one hundred fifty manuscripts, containing the Pentateuch in Arabic or elements thereof.

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24 The next oldest manuscript is London, BL, MS 20 The bilingual Greek-Arabic fragment of Ps 78:20–31, 51–61 (LXX 77) was found in Damascus. That is also where Bishr ibn al-Sirrī translated and commented on the Acts of the Apostles and the Catholic and Pauline Epistles. These texts are discussed in greater detail below. 21 See Blau, A Grammar of Christian Arabic, 1: 20n7; idem, The Emergence and Linguistic Background of Judaeo-Arabic: A Study of the Origins of Neo-Arabic and Middle Arabic, 3rd ed.

Katalog zur Ausstellung vom 8. Juli bis 2 November 1986 Heiliggeistkirche Heidelberg (Heidelberg: Edition Braus, 1986), Textband, 418–419. 35 Based on the same manuscript used by Spey; see above. 40 Moreover, it was from these Arabic print versions of the Bible that early dictionaries, such as Bedwell’s unpublished work,41 Raphelengius’ Lexicon Arabico-Latinum,42 Schindler’s Lexicon Pentaglotton,43 and Duval’s Dictionarium Latino-Arabicum,44 drew much of their lexicographic material. A third factor is that Arabic biblical translations were perceived as a necessary instrument for missionary work in the Near East.

The codicological data for each surviving copy of each translation tradition must be collected meticulously. Not only must codices be identified and understood; the writing materials and techniques used for their preparation must also be studied, together with their shapes, their page and text layouts, the practices of the scribes who wrote them, the scripts and handwritings these scribes used, and the marks left by readers and users over the years, including annotations, ownership notes, and records of private library arrangements.

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