AIDS Epidemic Update 2006 by World Health Organization

By World Health Organization

This flagship document provides the thought of perspectives at the country of the HIV/AIDS epidemic of the Joint United countries Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). It comprises research of the entire elements of the epidemic, from the unfold of HIV, to remedies, to the provision of assets. It additionally presents country-by-country figures on its quantity.

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Such a process is well-underway in several Asian countries, most notably Indonesia, Viet Nam and in parts of China. Unless this effect is halted early, millions of new HIV infections can be expected in those countries. Based on data from the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, Figure 11 shows how an initially smallscale HIV epidemic among drug injectors might develop. If risk behaviours among drug injectors, among male, female and transgender sex workers, and among clients of sex workers do not change from the levels observed in surveillance performed in 2003, Jakarta could expect a major epidemic during this decade.

Although levels of HIV infection prevalence appear to have stabilized in some states (such as Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra), it is still increasing in at-risk population groups in several other states. As a result, overall HIV prevalence has continued to rise. State-wide prevalence among pregnant women is still very low in the poor and densely populated northern states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Even relatively minor increases in HIV transmission could translate into huge numbers of people becoming infected in those states, which are home to one quarter of India’s entire population.

One of the neglected dimensions of Thailand’s epidemic has been the role of injecting drug use. When comparing HIV prevalence among injecting drug users and among commercial sex workers, two trends emerge. The percentage of sex workers with HIV decreased significantly after 1995. Among injecting drug users, however, the reverse occurred. HIV prevalence in drug injectors rose in every region of the country, and reached as high as 61% in the Northern Region (in 2000) and stood at 45% or higher in the Bangkok, Central and 41 UNAIDS/WHO Southern Regions in 2003 (Poshyachinda, 2005).

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