Aging, the Individual, and Society by Susan M. Hillier, Georgia M. Barrow

By Susan M. Hillier, Georgia M. Barrow

No box of analysis extra thoroughly integrates the mature individual over the lifestyles path than does gerontology. knowing senior citizens-who characterize a continuously transforming into population-is turning into more and more very important. getting older, the person, AND SOCIETY introduces readers to gerontology in a compassionate approach that is helping them comprehend older humans and understand how to paintings with them. The ebook balances educational examine and functional discussions, integrating social and cultural views with the tale of the person getting older approach. actions and increase reader's knowing and abilities by way of offering many possibilities for experiential studying.

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One characteristic that elderly populations do not share with younger age groups is their gender balance. Women make up the majority of the elderly population in nearly every country of the world, and their share of the older population increases with age. This numerical imbalance in 26 PREPARING FOR AN AGING WORLD favor of women is reflected in many of the topics considered in this report, ranging from disability to marital status to living arrangements. Given that gender differences in such areas as life expectancy, work history, asset accumulation, and care giving pervade most societies, it is imperative that policies regarding the well-being of older individuals account carefully for differential gender impacts.

Even if the policy is universal within a country, there is international variation, and the before-and-after contrasts can be drawn across countries. Alternatively, different countries may introduce similar interventions or treatments but with different timing, so that the contrast can still be drawn. Second, any spillover effects usually are contained within national boundaries, so that the contrast across countries remains valid. Finally, similar comparison groups can be chosen across countries—for instance, high-income and high-education individuals who are likely to have experienced and to continue to experience similar overall trends.

While the size of the world’s elderly population has been growing for centuries, what is new in the 21st century is the rapid pace of aging and the graying of populations at very different levels of socioeconomic development. Longterm trends toward lowered fertility and improved health and longevity have generated growing proportions and numbers of older population throughout most of the world. Fertility decline and urbanization arguably were the dominant global demographic trends during the second 15 16 PREPARING FOR AN AGING WORLD half of the 20th century, much as rapid improvements in life expectancy characterized many nations during the first half of the century.

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