By Erdman Palmore PhD
During this up-to-date version, Palmore presents a entire evaluation for lots of diversified varieties of ageism together with the curiosity inspiration of optimistic ageism, which tasks onto the aged as a bunch conventional virtues like knowledge. He discusses either person and social impacts on attitudes in the direction of the elderly; analyzes institutional styles of ageism; and explores how one can decrease the influence of ageism at the aged. This booklet is a worthy source and textual content for college students and pros attracted to the sociology of getting older in our society.
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Extra resources for Ageism: Negative and Positive
Many of these people do, in fact, enjoy their retirement more than their working years, often because their work has been stressful or unrewarding. However, most find that their happiness during the retirement years is similar to that of the working years, with a similar mix of satisfactions problems and frus- Types of Ageism 41 tradons. ") More traditional societies, such as Japan, tend to have more positive attitudes toward old age. It is polite to inquire about an older person's age in Japan, and old age is a source of pride and congratulations (Palmore, 1985).
However, most Americans have generally negative attitudes toward elders and aging. They think the older years are the worst years of a person's life. Even children tend to have negative attitudes: few prefer to be with the older man depicted in a series of drawings. " There are five major types of discrimination against elders that are common: discrimination in employment, by government agencies, in families, in housing, and in health care. There are seven major positive stereotypes about elders: the beliefs that most aged are kind, wise, dependable, affluent, politically powerful, free, and happy.
Only about 3 percent of persons age 65 and older are institutionalized with mental disorders (Kahana, 1995). All community studies of psychopathology among elders agree that less than 10 percent have significant or severe mental illness, and another 10% to 32% have mild to moderate mental impairment; however, most are without impairment (Gurland, 1995). In fact, according to the most comprehensive and careful community surveys, fewer of the elderly have mental impairments than do younger persons (Myers, Weissman, Tischler, Hozer, & Leaf, 1984).