By Shirley D. Sullivan
Sullivan makes a speciality of 8 key mental phrases - phr n, thumos, kardia, kear, tor, nous, prapides, and psych - that seem often in historical Greek texts yet that have a variety of attainable meanings. collecting situations from The Persians, Seven opposed to Thebes, Suppliants, Agamemnon, Choephoroi, and Eumenides (instances from Prometheus certain, whose authorship is in query, are taken care of in notes and an appendix), Sullivan first examines every one psychic time period individually. She then discusses cases of the phrases in every one play, reading the that means of the psychic time period within the context of the play within which it sounds as if and supplying information on Aeschylus' utilization. This ebook sheds mild at the wealthy and infrequently intricate method within which Aeschylus makes use of mental terminology and is a superb reference for classicists, psychologists, philosophers, and students of comparative literature.
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Extra resources for Aeschylus' Use of Psychological Terminology: Traditional and New
In the Hymn, after addressing Zeus (160-6), the Chorus say that Uranus and Cronus do not deserve their prayer (167-73). Zeus is to be their central theme (174-83): Whoever with forethought ( ) cries "Zeus" in victory songs, he will gain phrenes in everything, Zeus leading mortals on the road of thinking ( ), Zeus placing "learning by suffering" as fixed. Suffering, reminding of pain, drips 19 Phren in the Tragedies: One in place of sleep before the heart (kardia). And to the unwilling comes to be wise in phren (oo)cj)Qoveiv).
132 We heard above that people could be "struck out o) in phrenes" in negative situations. Aeschylus uses the verb in one of happiness. He also introduces with phren the noun "Joy" could quite overwhelm Electra's thinking. At Choe. "133 These qualities can clothe phren. , mean- Choe. 772, 7004. "134 Here as in Homer we find the verb with phren. Because of what may result from the coming of Aegisthus, the Nurse can be happy within. At Choe. 1004 Orestes describes a bandit who "might warm ( ) his phren in many ways" in the snare ( ) he has used successfully in his trade.
298 the phrenes of the suitors are "bewildered" ( ). 7 W). Pindar, at Ol. " Per. 165, Ag. 479. Aeschylus, at Per. 107 At Ag. "108 Aeschylus, using the verb for the first time with phrenes, describes a condition where a person, because of distress, cannot react properly to a situation. This person, "struck in phrenes" is also "fired" in kardia, which has picked up the light, so to speak, from the message. 109 Choe. 746. Several times in early poetry we find references to "pain" in phrenes. At Od.