Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology: Volume 4 by P. Hancock, R. C. Hurst (auth.), Mars G. Fontana, Roger W.

By P. Hancock, R. C. Hurst (auth.), Mars G. Fontana, Roger W. Staehle (eds.)

This sequence used to be equipped to supply a discussion board for evaluation papers within the quarter of corrosion. the purpose of those studies is to carry sure components of corrosion technology and know-how right into a sharp concentration. The volumes of this sequence are released nearly on a each year foundation and every includes 3 to 5 stories. The articles in each one quantity are chosen in any such manner as to be of curiosity either to the corrosion scientists and the corrosion technologists. there's, actually, a specific target in juxtaposing those pursuits end result of the value of mutual interplay and interdisciplinarity so very important in corrosion experiences. it's was hoping that the corrosion scientists during this manner might remain abreast of the actions in corrosion expertise and vice versa. during this sequence the time period "corrosion" is utilized in its very broadest feel. It contains, for that reason, not just the degradation of metals in aqueous en­ vironment but additionally what's usually often called "high-temperature oxidation. " additional, the plan is to be much more normal than those subject matters; the sequence will comprise all solids and all environments. this day, engineering solids comprise not just metals yet glasses, ionic solids, polymeric solids, and composites of those. Environments of curiosity has to be prolonged to liquid metals, a wide selection of gases, nonaqueous electrolytes, and different non­ aqueous liquids.

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P. Hancock and R. C. Hurst 46 Cracking of the oxide film during bending was revealed as a discontinuity in current response from an electrolytic cell comprising the specimen and a platinum electrode. 32 ~~ were found and these are similar to those for bulk oxide ceramics. The author ascribes the similarities in bulk and surface oxides to the large dimensions and surface roughness ofthe surface oxides tested. Microhardness measurements can possibly be used as a measure of the plasticity of oxide scales.

Surface Oxide Films at Elevated Temperatures 51 Trenkler 115 has utilized a simple method of determining the adhesive strength of scales on iron which involves the determination of the proportion of adherent scale remaining after a double rolling operation. Although only of a qualitative nature, the test was capable of demonstrating the influence of the alloying elements nicke~ sulfur, carbon, and silicon in increasing the scale adhesion on iron. A number of workers have attempted to measure the force required to separate a surface oxide from the substrate metal.

33 after 1 hr of oxidation at 1050°C. 52 P. Hancock and R. C. Hurst Fig. 33. Schematic section of hot bend test unit, after load application (after Bateman and Rolls I19 ). Later work by Rolls and Arnold 120 used the hot bend test to evaluate the adhesive strength of scales on Fe-Ni-Mo and Fe-Cr-Mo alloys. For both alloys failure was by decohesion at a distance from the metal-scale interface, indicating that the scale structure consisted of a weakly coherent bulk oxide and a strongly adherent, entangled inner layer.

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