By K. Hamblin
This ebook explores the adoption of 'active growing older' guidelines by means of EU15 countries and the impression on older peoples' paintings and retirement coverage concepts. guidelines tested contain unemployment merits, energetic labour marketplace regulations, partial pension receipt, pension rules, early retirement and incentives for deferral.
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Extra resources for Active Ageing in the European Union: Policy Convergence and Divergence
Thus the decommodifying welfare arrangement of early exit and retirement were no longer the appropriate policy response, and thus a more ‘active’ approach was necessitated. Early exit is now therefore problematised when the economy requires labour and despite calls for its end, barriers to employment remain as the belief that older workers are neither in need of nor capable of employment are internalised and institutionalised. The early exit trend has proved stubborn with Phillipson (2004) arguing institutional ageism is the result of a ‘cultural lag’ in that early exit was introduced at a time when there was a surplus of labour and attitudes have yet to shift to the new reality of the ageing workforce and labour shortages.
Though for some early exit from the labour market represents a positive choice, the degree of autonomy over participation is not equally distributed; typically the more choice a person has over their participation in the labour market, the more positive the experience of retirement will be. In terms of occupational schemes, the more advantaged a position one has in the labour market, the more advantaged a position one typically has with regard to autonomy over labour market exit. Those with ‘nest eggs’ to leave for or offered a generous voluntary redundancy packages are in a better position than those who ﬁnd they are the ﬁrst to go when their employer makes job cuts.
Source: Based on recommendations in 2006 EC report Adequate and Sustainable Pensions. 1 They were also member states when the Lisbon strategy was implemented, including its goal of 70% employment as well as the Stockholm and Barcelona targets which relate speciﬁcally to older individuals. 3) and produce National Action Plans on the topic of employment in the hope of creating cross-national dialogue in the realm of social policy. The EU also creates directives on certain areas, such as anti-discrimination legislation, which nations are then given a ﬁxed amount of time to adopt.