A Jane Austen Encyclopedia by Paul Poplawski

By Paul Poplawski

Maybe the 1st glossy novelist, Jane Austen (1775-1817) has left an indelible mark at the global of letters. She is healthier often called the writer of penetrating reviews of household existence and manners in Georgian England, and her works stay learn and preferred at the present time. Her writings have additionally generated a tremendous quantity of scholarship, and critics proceed to supply insightful interpretations of her writings. This reference booklet is a correct, accomplished, and precise consultant to her lifestyles and works. The chronologies that commence the amount define the relevant occasions in her existence and position her works inside of higher historic and literary contexts. the masses of alphabetically prepared entries that persist with determine characters, talk about works and subject matters, and synthesize the significant physique of feedback dedicated to her writings. the amount concludes with vast bibliographies of works through and approximately Austen.

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1785 Hastings resigns as governor-general of India and returns to England amid accusations of corruption and extortion; there begins a concerted Whig campaign for his impeachment, led by Edmund Burke (1729–1797). Jean-Pierre Blanchard (1753–1809) and John Jeffries make first air crossing of English Channel in a hot-air balloon. Edmund Cartwright (1743–1822) invents and patents a mechanically driven ‘‘power loom’’; completes mechanization of weaving and brings about demise of the hand-loom weavers.

Henry Austen falls seriously ill on 16 October, and, though his life is out of danger by the end of the month, Jane Austen stays in London longer than planned in order to nurse him through his convalescence. In October, Murray offers £450 for the copyright of Emma if the copyrights of Sense and Sensibility and Mansfield Park are included. Henry and Jane Austen reject this offer in early November; Murray refuses to increase his offer but agrees to publish an edition of 2,000 copies on commission; at the same time, he also agrees to bring out, on commission, a second edition of 750 copies of Mansfield Park.

USN Fulton the first steam warship. 1816 Britain’s national debt stands at around £900 million (before the wars, in 1792, it was around £250 million). Repeal of income tax (introduced in 1798 on incomes over £200): leads to increased indirect taxation on many common goods, disproportionately burdening those with lower incomes. William Cobbett (1763–1835) starts to publish his radical Political Register: at twopence, the first cheap periodical. Registered tonnage of British merchant shipping is 2,504,000 tons.

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