A Historical-Critical Study of the Book of Obadiah by Ehud Ben Zvi

By Ehud Ben Zvi

This learn of the e-book of Obadiah emerges relatively in actual fact from fresh advancements in highbrow heritage and especially fresh theoretical mirrored image at the interpretation of texts. students resembling Stanley Fish, Wolfgang Iser, and Umberto Eco concentrated severe cognizance on “the function of the reader” (Eco’s time period) within the creation of the that means of texts. Postmodern sensibility, schooled through Jacques Derrida’s application of deconstruction, has fostered conventions of examining that think the indeterminacy of texts and enjoy textual ambiguities. Interpretive traits deriving severally from New feedback and Russian Formalism be aware of the classy constitution of the textual content instead of extra-textual elements influencing its composition. Professor Ben Zvi brings jointly those advancements to shape a application of interpretation directed to the traditional publication of Obadiah. the center of Ben Zvi’s thought is to concentration serious cognizance at the unique readers of the publication.

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T h i s b e i n g s o it s e e m s r e a s o n a b l e t h e r e f o r e , t o c o n c l u d e that t h e p r e s e n c e o f o n e i n s t a n c e o f 'π ' ή κ i n c r e a s e s t h e l i k e l i h o o d o f t h e a p p e a r a n c e o f a n o t h e r o n e i n its t e x t u a l v i c i n i t y . 5 0 S i n c e O b a d i a h f o l l o w s A m o s a c c o r d i n g to the m a s o r e t i c o r d e r o f the p r o p h e t i c b o o k s i n c l u d e d in the T w e l v e , o n e m a y r a i s e t h e i s s u e o f w h e t h e r t h e p r e s e n c e o f 'n ' r m in O b a d 1 is n o t d u e to textual i n f l u e n c e c o m i n g f r o m the B o o k o f A m o s .

Significantly, genre recognition in this case evokes a scheme which leads the reading community to expect the presence of prophetic announcements concerning Judah/ Israel. They do occur in this book. Moreover, they are directly related to the announcements concerning Edom or "the nations," or both, which are anticipated by the audience on the grounds of the messenger formula in ν 1. dìb versus τφηϊί There is no general agreement in modern research whether the (original) Hebrew text of the Book of Obadiah rendered the verb in the first person common plural, as in the MT, or in the first person singular, as suggested by the LXX.

But again all things equal, an unknown plural speaker is not likely to refer to Y H W H . Because of the combination of these two features it is very unlikely (though not absolutely impossible) that the c o m m u n i t y of (re)readers understood the following recollection of the audition as Y H W H ' s speech. See Clark (1991: 332-33). See, for instance, Marti (1904: 231), Smith (1906: 135), Sellin (1929: 278) Rudolph (1931: 222-23), Weiser (1974: 208). On a more theoretical approach to cohesion, see, for instance, R e n k e m a (1993: 35 and passim); de Beaugrande and Dressier (1981: passim).

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