By Daniel Sivan
Ugaritic, found in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay pills (about 1250 texts) and dated from the interval among the 14th and the twelfth centuries B.C.E. The files are of varied forms: literary, administrative, lexicological. a number of Ugaritic drugs include parts of a poetic cycle concerning the Ugaritic pantheon. one other half, the executive files make clear the association of Ugarit, hence contributing vastly to our realizing of the heritage and tradition of the biblical and North-West Semitic global. this significant reference paintings, a revised and translated variation of the author's Hebrew e-book (Beer Sheva, 1993), bargains with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The booklet comprises additionally an appendix with textual content decisions.
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Extra info for A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
It follows the rule of other cuneiform languages. Since the alphabetical lists from Ugarit were discovered much later, the modern dictionaries composed in the wake of the initial discovery of the language follow an order close to that used for Hebrew. The Ugaritic consonants not found in Hebrew were inserted in logical places to produce the following accepted order (the non-Hebrew letters are in parentheses): 4. 14 preserves a portion of the alphabetic signs, each followed by an Akkadian syllabic sign.
O n the other hand, the particular forms may be explained by other means. The form w tqg can be interpreted as the Gt imperative of the root YQG (< YQZ), but the root might also be TQG "to incline (the ear)" in parallel to the Gt of the root "to heed" (cf. Oberman 1946244 n. 25 and Blau 1977b:71 n. 13). The word & "mountain" has been compared to Biblical Hebrew 113 and to Aramaic i i a while the Biblical Hebrew term does not mean "mountain" (even in the parallelism of Num. 23:9 nwpni nww b . itop "From the top of the cliffs I see him, from the hills I behold him", the meaning of 'OTY can be "elevated cliffs").
Ug 7, p. 67). It is possible that in these two instances there was a shift of g > t known from Aramaic. These spellings point to the fact that in spoken late Ugaritic the transition from g to t was already completed (see Loewenstamm 1980:370). e. the spelling with g-sign could be an archaism (cf. Blau l968b:524 and l97Ob:43; Freilich and Pardee 1984:25-36). g. 4 V, 19,34). These variants may indicate a different dialect from the normative speech of Ugarit or they might be the result of foreign influence (perhaps Hurrian; cf.