By Harry A. Hoffner
Hoffner and Melchert's long-awaited paintings is certain to turn into either the traditional reference grammar and the most educating instrument for the Hittite language. the 1st quantity encompasses a thorough description of Hittite grammar, grounded in an abundance of textual examples. furthermore, the authors take into consideration an unlimited array of experiences on all elements of the Hittite language. within the 5 a long time because the booklet of the second one version of Johannes Friedrich's Hethitisches Elementarbuch (1960), our wisdom of Hittite grammar has develop into extra specific and nuanced, particularly end result of the variety of new texts to be had and the turning out to be physique of secondary literature. this primary quantity within the LANE sequence fills a major hole and gives a complete reference for many years to return.
the second one quantity, on hand here, is an academic that includes a sequence of graded classes with illustrative sentences for the coed to translate. the academic is keyed to the reference grammar and gives wide notes.
the published grammar quantity is followed by means of a CD-ROM that includes the whole textual content of the grammar and instructional in searchable, cross-referenced, and hyperlinked shape.
Errata: Minor corrections, which were included into the second one printings of either the Grammar and the academic (December, 2008 â€" January, 2009), can be found here for download.
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Extra info for A Grammar of the Hittite Language
86 rev. 6 obv. 1 rev. 47 obv. 62 rev. 27 obv. 241 rev. 2. On the nongeminate writings of postvocalic pres. sg. 3 verbal ending -zi see Yoshida 1998. 12 še-pí-ik-ku-uš-ta, ši-pí-ik-ku-uš-ta- or ša-pí-ik-ku-uš-ta-. Kuryłowicz (1958), followed by many others, cites ma-li-id-du- and mi-li-id-du- as evidence for an initial sequence /ml-/. 14 As an example of a medial triconsonantal sequence, /harspawants/ must be spelled ḫar-aš-pa-wa-an-za. As shown by the above examples, Hittite regularly uses ﬁnal Ca signs to spell word-ﬁnal consonantal sequences.
36). In that sense we are not speaking of real polyphonic values in spellings such as ga-an-ki and ka-an-ki ‘he hangs’. Nor in the interest of phonetic realization do we transliterate ga-an-ki as kà-an-ki (or kà-an-gi5). 19. The above rules are ideals. Most scholars have their own personal preferences or habits in transcription. This is particularly notable in the case of proper names: some write dKu-mar-bi, others dKu-mar-pí ; some dTe-li-pí-nu, others dTe-li-bi-nu. 19 contemporary Akkadian syllabary with the and signs).
Thus, while the i in OH dative-locative ut-ni-i vs. nominative-accusative ut-ne-e ‘land’ might be for disambiguating the vowel, there can be no such motivation for dative-locatives iš-ši-i ‘mouth’ and ḫa-aš-ši-i ‘hearth’. Some sort of length or stress must be indicated in the latter cases. 48. Hittite seems to have distinguished four vowels (a, e, i, u), each of which could be long or short. Despite the claim of Eichner (1980: 156) and Hart (1983: 124–30), there is no basis for assuming a Hittite vowel /o/, spelled with the sign u (reﬂecting prehistoric diphthong *Vu), distinct from /u/, spelled with the sign ú (reﬂecting prehistoric *u).